[Eden, The Right Honourable William; erroneous attribution]. THE HISTORY OF NEW HOLLAND, from its First Discovery in 1616, to the Present Time. With a Particular Account of its Produce and Inhabitants; and a Description of Botany Bay: Also, A List of the Naval, Marine, Military, and Civil Establishment. To which is prefixed, An Introductory Discourse on Banishment, By the Right Honourable William Eden. Illustrated with a Map of New Holland, a Chart of Botany Bay, and a General Chart from England to Botany Bay. Second Edition. London: Printed for John Stockdale, opposite Burlington-house, Piccadilly. M,DCC,LXXXVII. Entered at Stationer's Hall: Demy 8vo, Second Edition; pp. xxxvi, 254, [2](adv.]; 2 folding maps, nicely hand-coloured in outline; contemporary half calf, with marbled sides (front joint cracked, but firm); a fine, clean copy, complete with the final leaf of Stockdale's advertisements; rare. London; John Stockdale; 1787.
***Ferguson 25. The Everard Im Thurn / Eric Glenie Bonython copy, with signature of the former and bookplate of the latter. Published in the same year as the first, this second edition contains a Preface extended by 10 pages and commenting on the prospects for the First Fleet. The two maps are: (1) A General Chart of the Passage from England to Botany Bay in New Holland, 1787; and (2) A New Chart of New Holland on which are delineated New South Wales, and a Plan of Botany Bay [inset]. An anonymous work, the inclusion (at pp. xxvi-xxxii) of the fourth chapter of The Principles of Penal Law by William Eden, Lord Auckland, and published fifteen years previously, has resulted in the common mis-attribution of the whole work to him. Published before the arrival of the First Fleet, 'the body of the work consists entirely, as its unknown author acknowledges, of a digest from the works of previous writers of all that was known of the "island or continent of New Holland" up to Cook and Banks. The preface, however, contains some interesting incidental remarks on the merits of the expedition [i.e. the First Fleet], although the editor considers himself precluded "from attempting to add to the multiplicity of opinions already advanced," which indicates that the work was a journalistic venture rather than a political pamphlet. A favourable opinion of the project is nevertheless expressed, and criminals are warned that "when their lives or liberties are forfeited to justice," they "have always been judged a fair subject of hazardous experiments, to which it would be unjust to expose the more valuable members of state," and they must not imagine that they are going to sit for the rest of their lives "on a bed of roses" - an argument which paraphrases the words of the 1779 Committee [that before which Joseph Banks gave the evidence recommending Botany Bay which earned him the title Father of Australia]. The chapter from Eden's Principles is put in to bolster up this argument.' - Eris O'Brien [in] The Foundation of Australia, Sheed & Ward, 1937. Accounts of the voyages of Pelsaert, Dampier, Furneaux and Cook are included. #16305

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